A Name To Exist: The Example of the Pseudonym on the Internet
In the Iliad and the Odyssey, song IX, Ulysses chooses the anthroponomy “Nobody” to escape the Cyclops. This onomastic game operates on two levels of meaning: the first referring to the anthroponomical fact, and the second to the lexicon, more specifically, to the common name. Ahead of his time, Ulysses would have surfed the Internet under the pseudonym Nobody...
The nomination of a name allows all world objects to be included within the human paradigm. If to nominate is also an act which allows the social subject to be part of civil society and to be well-known and recognised by the other, what about nomination and pseudonyms on the internet?
This book investigates this question through both a detailed study of the nomination of objects of the world and two surveys of Internet users and of a corpus of pseudonyms collected on forums and blogs on online newspapers.
Marcienne Martin holds a PhD in Language Sciences, and is Associate Researcher at Oracle Laboratory at the University of Reunion Island. She is the author of a number of books, including Le pseudonyme sur Internet, une nomination située au carrefour de l’anonymat et de la sphère privée (2006); Le langage sur l’Internet, un savoir-faire ancien numérisé (2007); Des humains quasi objets et des objets quasi humains (2009); Voix ferrées par l’ombre (2009); Dictionnaire des pictogrammes numériques et du lexique en usage sur Internet et sur les téléphones portable (2010); De la communication à travers langue et univers médiatiques (2011); Se nommer pour exister – L’exemple du pseudonyme sur Internet (2012); and Mots et fictions (2014). She has lectured on onomastics and ICT in Europe, Canada, and in the United States (at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)), and has also written articles related to these research areas. In addition, Marcienne has participated in several art projects, including Medio-Monte’s Socialization Society (Project of the European) and FIFE 2014 (French-English Poetry Festival).
"A Name to Exist tackles a contemporary issue that deserves in depth linguistic studies in order to obtain a refined and convincing classification of the processes involved in the creation of an online identity. The reasons for this or that choice cannot be done without asking the Internet users in question - a necessary step if one wishes to access the real significance behind the choices they make. This book contains many ideas that stimulate the researcher's curiosity...."
Sandra Lhafi University of Cologne Communication, 35:1 (2018)
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