Word Formation and Transparency in Medical English

As a side effect of the rapid progress in medical research and of the emergence of new medical conditions, medicine is a domain where new concepts have to be named more frequently than in many other domains. Because of the prominent position of English in medical research, most of these concepts are first named in English. This raises questions relating to the naming strategies adopted and the consequences of the choice of particular strategies. These consequences are not restricted to English, because the English terms often need to be translated and are sometimes borrowed.

This volume consists of an introduction and eight chapters. The first four chapters focus on the choice of naming strategy and the consequences for the transparency of the resulting names in English. These chapters address the international pharmaceutical nomenclature, the terminology of psychiatry and of middle-ear surgery, and the use of neoclassical word formation. The following four chapters concentrate on the issues of translation and borrowing evolving from the choice of names in English. They address translation into Spanish, Slovak, Polish and Turkish.

Pius ten Hacken is a Professor of Translation Studies at the Leopold-Franzens-Universität Innsbruck. Previously, he worked at Swansea University and Universität Basel. His research interests include word formation, terminology and lexicography, as well as the philosophy and history of linguistics and translation. He is the author of Defining Morphology (1994) and Chomskyan Linguistics and its Competitors (2007), as well as numerous research articles.

Renáta Panocová is a university teacher at the Department of British and American Studies of the Pavol Jozef Šafárik University in Košice. She received her PhD in Slavistics and Slavic Languages from Prešov University. Her research interests include morphology, terminology, and intercultural communication. She is the author of Categories of Word Formation and Borrowing: An Onomasiological Account of Neoclassical Formations and several research articles.

"'Word Formation and Transparency in Medical English' is ... a valuable work for those interested in lexical and terminological studies, especially for the deep descriptive and methodological quality of its contributions."

Bruno O. Maroneze Universidade Federal da Grande Dourados LINGUIST List 28.79 (2017)

"The essays in this volume form a useful whole ... even though they cannot hope to cover the totality of such a large area of research. Many issues are raised which call for further investigation, such as the apparent tension between the native morphological rules governing word-formation and those developed by the medical profession for its own use and the role of cultural and linguistic differences between languages as applied in this area. It certainly seems that more scholarly attention could be paid to medicolinguistics, and this is a promising contribution."

R. W. McConchie Dictionaries: Journal of the Dictionary Society of North America, 36 (2016)

Rachel Bryan

Cornelia Feyrer

Mariusz Gornicz

Pilar León-Araúz

Szymon Machowski

Nina Patton

Sevda Pekcoskun

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ISBN: 1-4438-8002-7

ISBN13: 978-1-4438-8002-2

Release Date: 24th September 2015

Pages: 205

Price: £47.99