Melissa Barkat-Defradas is a Doctor in Linguistics and a Researcher at the University of Montpellier, France. From 2008 to 2014, she directed the research team “Languages, Discourses and Cultures” at the Praxiling Laboratory (CNRS and University Paul Valery, Montpellier). Specialized in Arabic dialectology, she has conducted extensive work on phonetic variation and lexical diversity, particularly on olfactory vocabularies. She is now senior researcher at the Institute of Evolutionary Biology, Montpellier, where she contributes to interdisciplinary research by bridging the gap between descriptive linguistics, cognitive sciences, and evolutionary biology.Elisabeth Motte-Florac holds a PhD in Tropical Botany and is a Doctor of Pharmacy. She is an ethnopharmacologist, and carried out research at the Lacito Laboratory in Paris (1978 to 2005) before joining the Praxiling Laboratory in Montpellier. She has published and edited numerous books on a variety of fields in ethnoscience. Her studies are devoted in particular to pharmacopoeias (animals and plants), traditional therapeutics and ethics in ethnopharmacology, and to the furthering of scholarly knowledge in the Mediterranean region.