Derek Hodgson is noted for research illustrating how the neuroscience of vision can shed light on why early humans began to depict animals. He has published numerous articles on the subject in international journals and edited books, and has been an invited speaker at conferences throughout the world. He has served as a Research Associate in the Department of Archaeology at the University of York, UK, for many years and is a reviewer and advisor for a number of prestigious academic journals and institutions. His recent publications include “The Origins of Iconic Depictions: A Falsifiable Model Derived from the Visual Science of Palaeolithic Cave Art and World Rock Art” (in Cambridge Archaeological Journal, 2018) and “Closely Observed Animals, Hunter-Gatherers and Visual Imagery in Upper Palaeolithic Art” (in Evolutionary Studies in Imaginative Culture, 2017). Other areas of research interest include cognitive evolution, neuroarchaeology, and early stone tools.