Professor Fruma Zachs is a member of the Department of Middle East History at the University of Haifa, Israel, where she completed her PhD under the supervision of Professor Butrus Abu-Maneh. She undertook postdoctoral work at St. Antony’s College, Oxford, UK. She is the author of The Making of a Syrian Identity - Intellectuals and Merchants in Nineteenth-Century Beirut (Brill) and Gendering Culture in Greater Syria: Intellectuals and Ideology in the Late Ottoman Period (co-authored with Dr. Halevi, I.B. Tauris). Fruma is also the co-editor of Ottoman Reform and Muslim Regeneration (I.B. Tauris).
Her particular specialisation is the Nahda period (Arab Renaissance) in Greater Syria and Egypt. Her research focuses on intellectual, social, cultural and gender perspectives in late Ottoman Syria, including topics such as missionaries, Arab intellectuals, proto-nationalism and nationalism, modernism, merchants and literature. She has published several articles on these topics in leading journals and has written entries in a few encyclopaedias.