Fighting Sexual-Based Violence through a Sociology of International Justice
Since the beginning of time, sexual assault seems to have been an abnormal historical constant in all combat situations. As a matter of fact, there is a ‘genetic’ connection between this heinous form of violence and the idea of war itself. However, until the Second World War, and the latter half of the 20th century, the international community did not publicly acknowledge or condemn such illegal acts. In order to uphold the rights and dignity of those who have been victims of such crimes, and to end the impunity of those who commit them, international criminal law and international criminal justice are crucial. However, how does justice impact global processes? If it is assumed that the role of international criminal justice can be reduced to the imposition of sanctions, then criminal justice undoubtedly serves a limited purpose. International justice unquestionably has a significant impact on the global system because it affects not only the judicial system, but also the social reconstruction of a community that promotes harmony and peace among its members.
This book explores the possibility of developing new concepts concerning international justice against sexual and gender-based violence in armed conflict. It shows that international justice can operate as a bridge between the legal and societal domains by allowing role implementation to have an impact on social reconstruction. The book also examines international justice’s advancements and its enduring flaws from the perspectives of victims’ social protection and the reconstruction of their social dimensions.
Laura Guercio is a criminal lawyer, practicing in Italy, with experience in other jurisdictions. She teaches Sociology of Human Rights and International Cooperation to Development at the University of Perugia, Italy. She has served as a Member of the Council of the European Law Institute in Vienna, Coordinator of the Universities Network for Children in Armed Conflict, Secretary-General of the Inter-Ministerial Committee for Human Rights at the Italian Ministry for Foreign Affairs, and Agent of the Management Board of the European Agency for Fundamental Rights. She holds a Master’s Degree in Law, a Master’s degree in Political Science, and an international PhD.
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