Water and Ions as the Conditions Necessary for the Presence of Life: The Secret History of Life
This book, drawing on the author’s extensive scientific research in different parts of the world and reports from other scientists, explores the intricate interdependence between water and ions. Water is well-known as the best diluent for supporting life, which allows the flow of molecules, which are made up of ions, from one particular point to another, but in many cases, despite the presence of water, life and biological entities are not found. This book allows the reader to pursue an answer to this mystery through scientific knowledge, as has never been presented before, showing how metal ions complement water for sustaining life. It considers the effects of cosmic dust and solar energy on the progression of biological systems, and the presence of metal ions such as sulfur as part of our proteins, calcium in animal and human skeletons, iron in our blood, fluoride in our teeth, sodium and potassium in our physiological activity, along with magnesium and zinc in plants. Furthermore, it explains the presence of the carbon element, which is ubiquitous in all biomolecules on earth. This book also provides techniques such as biomarkers, computational modeling, and artificial intelligence to identify undetectable biological entities.
R. Cuero, PhD, is a microbiologist, scientist, and inventor who obtained his PhD in Microbiology from Strathclyde University, UK, and his MSc in Plant Pathology from Ohio State University, USA. He is currently a Consultant and Advisor on Microbiology and Biotechnology in the USA, and Founder/Scientist/Mentor of the International Park of Creativity, whose main aim is invention and discovery. Dr Cuero holds 18 scientific patents granted by the US Patent and Trademark Office, as of 2022. He received the NASA Certificate of Recognition in 2007 for one of the two patented inventions that he produced for the institution, and has written a number of books, including How to Create: The Joy of Creativity, Loneliness as a Source of Creativity, and Between Triumph and Survival.
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Daniel Agudelo Valencia
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