Facing Nationalisms in the European Union
Ideological nationalism is rising in most EU countries and threatens the unity of the Union. Primarily populist parties use it as a political instrument in their fight for power, presenting the European Union as a danger to national identity. According to Eurosceptical politicians, the EU imposes European identity instead of a national identity. This book argues that not only can those identities coexist, but they can also exacerbate each other. Instead of rejecting nationalism in general, it suggests that the EU should oppose only its ideological forms that lead to xenophobia and hostility toward other nations. At the same time, the books shows that EU policy should protect and support member states’ efforts to maintain and preserve their uniqueness and national cultural identity, which is threatened not by European integration, but by inevitable globalization.
Józef Niżnik is Professor and the Head of the European Studies Unit in the Institute of Philosophy and Sociology at the Polish Academy of Sciences. His current research focuses on European integration, and he is a Member of the Committee for Future Studies at the Polish Academy of Sciences. He is the editor of 25 volumes, and is the author of 77 papers and seven books, including The Object of Knowledge in Social Sciences (1979) and The Arbitrariness of Philosophy. An Essay on Metaphilosophical Functionalism (2006).
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