The Experiences of Basque and Spanish Iron Workers and their Descendants in Wales from 1900

This work is concerned with human migration at the turn of the twentieth century, specifically with iron workers moving from Spain to south Wales. The research includes an oral history project involving the descendants of some of the original migrants. The book explores the events and challenges that the migrants and their families faced in their new Welsh homes. Those experiences include periods of conflict, such as the Spanish Civil War (in which family members were involved), poverty, disease, heartache and the challenge to their religious and political beliefs. The work also highlights how it was that many of the Spanish overcame hurdles to fully integrate into their new location by learning a new language, a new sport (rugby), choir membership and a new church. It also describes the environment, in which they lived, as a cosmopolitan location where they were exposed, at intervals, to industrial conflict and racism, but where they all eventually became Welsh.


Stephen James Murray is an Honorary Fellow at the Research Institute for Arts and Humanities (The Richard Burton Centre) of Swansea University, UK, having previously served as Research Fellow at the Centre for Migration Policy Research at the same university. He completed his PhD in History at Warwick University, UK, with his doctoral research focusing on nineteenth-century labour migration. His most recent publications include a monograph, Trade Union Sponsorship of UK Labour Migration to the United States, 1850s to 1880s (2015), and a number of peer-reviewed journal articles including “Transatlantic Migration and the Amalgamated Society of Engineers in Fall River, Massachusetts, 1873-1879” in Labour History Review, 78 (2013) and “Nativism, Racism, and Job Protection: A Comparison of Late Nineteenth-Century Dowlais and Fall River Massachusetts” in Llafur, 12 (2017).

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ISBN: 1-5275-6231-X

ISBN13: 978-1-5275-6231-8

Release Date: 21st December 2020

Pages: 287

Price: £61.99

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