The Terminology of Marine Pollution by Plastics and Microplastics
As a specialised language, the terminology of marine pollution by plastics and microplastics is composed mainly of technical-scientific terms from the field of marine ecology, along with general-language words used with a domain-specific meaning. Since there are few existing studies focusing on the linguistic-terminological aspects of ecology, this book analyses the nature, characteristics, and possible applications of the terminology of marine plastic pollution by observing its degree of technicity in different textual genres. To this end, a small but significant corpus of texts embracing three genres (scientific, informative and normative texts) was created and processed with the aid of a software for terminological extraction. Following the results of software analysis, this book shows that this specialised language is mostly used in an expert-to-expert communicative context, although some concepts are simplified and used in other communicative situations.
Marina Niceforo holds a PhD in European Languages and Specialized Terminology from the University of Naples “Parthenope”, Italy. She is fixed-term Lecturer at the University of Naples “L’Orientale”, Italy. Her major research interests include marine ecology terminology, environmental humanities, food terminology and cultural translation. Among her recent publications are: “Conflicting Discourses over Plastic Pollution: The EC’s Plastic Strategy vs. the Greenpeace Plastic Radar’s Report”, “Italian Fishermen, American Sea: Fishing Language in Lorenzo Madalena’s Confetti for Gino (1959)”, and “English Neologisms and Globish English in Contemporary Europe”.
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