Exploring the Interconnected Complexities of COVID-19

This book explores the nature of COVID-19 through posing four questions: What could be said to be the cause of COVID-19? Who is likely to be infected? Where is infection likely to take place? When is infection likely to occur? It will demonstrate that these four W questions are interconnected, that they are the very ones which pre-occupy biomedicine today, whether in the form of clinical medicine or epidemiology. Epidemiology is often portrayed as “sub-standard”, while clinical medicine is put on a pedestal, marked as “superior” and “methodologically impeccable/privileged”. This book challenges this standard assessment. It argues that the causal model underpinning epidemiology is more adequate to account for medical data and evidence, across the board. Epidemiological Thinking is Medical Thinking, which this book calls Ecosystem Thinking and, through it, explores the values underpinning Medical Thinking, including geopolitical values.

Keekok Lee is a philosopher trained in the analytical tradition of “Anglo-Saxon philosophy”. She taught at the National University of Singapore before moving to the University of Manchester, UK. Since taking early retirement in 1999, she has continued to research and publish in several philosophical domains, including the philosophy of biology and genetics and the philosophy of medicine. The latter domain has investigated both biomedicine and classical Chinese medicine. Of late, her academic interests have expanded to include the notion of coloniality, both exogenous and endogenous, with regard to non-European systems of knowledge.

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ISBN: 1-5275-2532-5

ISBN13: 978-1-5275-2532-0

Release Date: 16th August 2023

Pages: 126

Price: £64.99