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Materials Engineering

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Technical Chemistry

The purpose of this book is twofold. Firstly, to introduce researchers from the Institute of Technical Chemistry, Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Perm, Russia, who are currently involved in research and development, and represent an impressive diversity of scientific interests. They never confine themselves to one a...

The Fabrication, Testing and Application of Fibre Cement Boards

This book considers the composition, production, testing methods and application of modern cellulose fibre cement boards (FCB). FCB replaced widespread but now illegal and harmful asbestos building products. Despite the complexity of the FCB fabrication process, the material is currently widely implemented. In the first chapter, th...

The Formation of Structural Imperfections in Semiconductor Silicon

Today, it is difficult to imagine all spheres of human activity without personal computers, solid-state electronic devices, micro- and nanoelectronics, photoconverters, and mobile communication devices. The basic material of modern electronics and for all of these industries is semiconductor silicon. Its properties and applications...

Controllability of Dynamic Systems

The book is about the possibilities of involvement of the well-known Green’s function method in exact or approximate controllability analysis for dynamic systems. Due to existing extensions of the Green’s function notion to nonlinear systems, the approach developed here is valid for systems with both linear and nonlinear dynamics. ...

Seismic Isolation Strategies for Earthquake-Resistant Construction

Earthquakes are catastrophic events that cause huge economic losses due to the vulnerability of the existing building stock. However, collapses of vulnerable buildings can be avoided if preventative measures, such as enhancement of their earthquake resistance, are implemented on time. This book will allow the reader to become acqua...

Collagen, from Tissue Culture to Biomaterials, Tissue Engineering, and Beyond

As collagen is the main structural component of body tissues, there has been much effort expended, both in the past and today, to use it in cell culture applications. Indeed, its importance is further stressed by the wide use of collagen biomaterials in tissue repair and regeneration, including the treatment of burns, chronic wound...

Photosensitive Polymeric Composites for Information Technologies

The book is devoted to the modern conceptions of polymeric composites. It also focuses on investigations of polymeric composites for information technologies, such as polarization holography, light electro-optical modulators, creation of polarization sensitive gratings, and photovoltaic elements....

Simple Experiments in Optics

This book compiles over 40 experiments in optics which will be of interest to university, college, and high school students, as well as practicing engineers. These experiments deal with lenses, mirrors, gratings, polarizers, optical windows, optical filters, beam splitters, light sources, and light detectors. Each experiment is cle...

The ‘Ordering-Phase Separation’ Transition in Alloys

The discovery of the transition “ordering-phase separation”, which occurs in alloys when the sign of the chemical interaction between neighboring atoms A and B changes with temperature, has shown that a whole direction in science, namely Materials Science, has not fully moved on from the ideas of the previous century. The theories ...

Theoretical and Spectroscopic Investigations on Ionogels

Today, an enormous amount of research is devoted to immobilizing ionic liquid (IL) for electrochemical applications, due to its potential as an excellent substitute for liquid electrolytes. Among the more well-known strategies, entrapping IL in the polymer matrix can be considered as a feasible, low cost method for large scale prod...

Optical Metrology with Interferometry

The accurate measurements of surface topography are becoming important to many applications in both engineering and science. Optical interferometry is considered a preferable technique for featuring accurate 3D surface profiling since it is non-contacting, non-destructive and highly accurate. In combination with computers and other...

Conversion Coatings

This book is a guide to all new and presently existing processes available to chemically modify the surfaces of industrially used metals. The modifications described here will produce hard scratch-resistant surfaces, corrosion-resistant surfaces, and surfaces that will easily accept applied coatings, such as industrial paints. Incl...