Professor James Flynn has published 17 books and 123 scholarly papers, addressing the fundamental problems of philosophy with an emphasis on how to defend humane ideals. He is also well known for the “Flynn Effect”, the fact that the 20th century saw massive IQ gains, which had implications for group differences in IQ. He is a prominent opponent of those who argue that there is a genetic gap between the races or between the genders. The Royal Society of New Zealand awarded him its Aronui Medal for research of outstanding merit in the humanities, and the International Society for Intelligence Research awarded him its Lifetime Achievement Award. He has also been profiled in Scientific American.