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Picture of First Generation Mainframes

First Generation Mainframes

The IBM 700 Series

Author(s): Stephen H. Kaisler

Book Description

This volume describes several different models of IBM computer systems, characterized by different data representations and instruction sets that strongly influenced computer system architecture in the 1950s and early 1960s. They focused on a common system architecture that allowed peripherals to be used on different systems, albeit with specific adapters. These systems were modular, which made them easy to manufacture, configure, and service. Computing with UNIVAC, they used reliable Williams Tubes for memory, and later introduced magnetic core memory. IBM developed its own magnetic tape drives and magnetic drums that were both faster and more reliable than UNIVAC’s peripherals. The first software systems that could reasonably be called “operating systems” enabled more efficient use of programmer time and system resources. The development of programming languages, notably FORTRAN, and assembly language processors, notably Autocoder, improved the productivity of programmers. In addition, IBM developed one of the finest product marketing, sales and servicing organizations in the world. The legacy of the IBM 700 series is found in their popular successors, the IBM 7000 Series, which will be described in a forthcoming volume.

Hardback

ISBN-13: 978-1-5275-0650-3
ISBN-10: 1-5275-0650-9
Date of Publication: 01/04/2018
Pages / Size: 220 / A5
Price: £61.99
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Biography

Stephen H. Kaisler has been a research scientist with a number of small businesses working in the US Defense community. He has worked as a Program Manager at DARPA and as Director of Systems Architecture and Technical Advisor to the Sergeant-at-Arms for the US Senate. Dr Kaisler has taught as a member of the part-time faculty at George Washington University’s Department of Computer Science for 38 years and in the MS in Information Science Technology (MSIST) program in the GWU Business School. He is the author of over 40 technical papers and six books on operating systems, database management systems, Interlisp, big data, software paradigms, and historical computing machines. He received a BS in Physics and an MS in Computer Science from the University of Maryland, College Park, USA, and a DSc in Computer Science from George Washington University, USA. Dr Kaisler is a member of the IEEE, ACM, AAAI, AIS, and the American Physical Society (APS).