Dr Stephen Tate is the author of numerous articles and essays on the history of the newspaper journalist. He has published articles in the journals Sport in History, Archives and Manchester Region History Review, and contributed 20 entries to the Dictionary of Nineteenth-Century Journalism. He is also the author of a chapter and a case study in the second and third volumes of the History of the British and Irish Press. A former journalist, having worked on the daily press across the north of England for more than 30 years, his PhD examined the professionalisation of sports journalism in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. He currently teaches History at Blackburn College University Centre, UK.