Francisco de Assis Costa is a Full Professor at the Centre for High Amazonian Studies and the Postgraduate Program in Economics of the Federal Univesity of Pará, Brazil. He holds an MSc degree from the Federal Rural University of Rio de Janeiro and a PhD in Economics from the Freie Universität Berlin. A researcher at the Brazilian National Council for Scientific and Technological Development, he has published 80 scientific articles and 74 book chapters, and is the author of 15 books. He has previously served as Visiting Fellow at the Center for Brazilian Studies at the University of Oxford and Director of the Regional, Urban and Environmental Studies Directorate of the Institute of Applied Economic Research, Brazil. His research focuses on Amazonian economic history, contemporary agrarian economies, regional development and relations between economics and environmental sustainability, with a particular interest in highlighting the role of technological and institutional innovations in the Amazon.