Sehnaz Sahinkarakas is Associate Professor of English Language Education at Cag University, Turkey. She is mainly interested in language testing and assessment and individual differences of foreign language learners, specifically the role of individual differences in assessment contexts. She is a member of a number of language teaching and learning and assessment societies, and has published articles in various scholarly journals.Jülide Inozu is Associate Professor in the Department of English Language Teaching at Cukurova University, Turkey, and is interested in the psychological perspectives of ELT, including individual learner differences in language learning, motivation, autonomy and belief. Her other research areas are instructional materials evaluation and adaptation, and the use of educational technology in teaching English. She has published articles on various aspects of affect in foreign language learning, and been involved in many EU projects and project partnerships with a number of European universities.