Elise Louviot is a Lecturer in English Linguistics at the University of Rheims, France. She is the editor of La Formule au Moyen Âge (2012) and the author of Direct Speech in Beowulf and Other Old English Narrative Poems (2016). She is a specialist of Old English poetry and her research interests include orality, pragmatic markers, tradition and formulas.Catherine Delesse, after receiving a PhD in Linguistics, has developed an interest in translation studies. She is currently Professor of Linguistics in Nancy, Université de Lorraine, France, and her research interests include historical syntax, the translation of comic strips and the text-image relation in comics. With Bertrand Richet, she wrote a book on the English translation of Asterix.