Muna Ndulo (DPhil, Oxford) is Professor of Law, Elizabeth and Arthur Reich Director of the Berger International Legal Studies Program, and Director of the Institute for African Development at Cornell University. He is also Honorary Professor of Law at the University of Cape Town, South Africa, and Extraordinary Professor of Law at Free State University. He has served as consultant for organizations including the World Bank, the African Development Bank, and the Economic Commission for Africa. He has consulted on constitution-making in Kenya, Zimbabwe, and Somalia, and has served as UN Senior Legal Advisor on missions to Kosovo, Afghanistan, South Africa, and East Timor.Mamoudou Gazibo is Professor of Political Science at the University of Montreal, Canada. He holds a PhD in comparative politics from the University Montesquieu, Bordeaux, France. He has been a consultant for international organizations including the African Union and the International Organization of Francophone States. He was chair of the constitution drafting committee in Niger, and served as senior adviser to the Nigerien Prime Minister in 2010–11.