María Dolores Elizalde is a researcher at the Institute of History,at the Spanish National Council for Scientific Research, Spain. She specialises in international history, colonial societies and colonial and postcolonial processes in Asia and the Pacific in the 19th century. She received her doctorate in history from the Complutense University of Madrid, Spain, and her previous education experiences include being a research scholar at the London School of Economics and Political Sciences, UK. She has more than 80 publications to her name, including Nacionalismo versus Colonialism in Filipinas, India and Vietnam (2013) and Filipinas, siglo XIX: Coexistencia e Interacción entre comunidades en el imperio español (2017).Wang Jianlang is Professor and Director of the Institute of Modern History at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, and is Vice-President and Secretary General of the Association of Chinese Historians, China. He obtained his PhD in History at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, and he specialises in the history of the foreign relations of modern China. His publications include Foreign Policy of National Government During the Pacific War (2010), China’s Journey to Abolishing Unequal Treaties (2000) and International Relations in the Far Eastern Crisis, July 1937–December 1938 (1996).