Roya Karami is a post-doctoral fellow majoring in Extension Education at Universiti Putra Malaysia. She is also a staff member of the Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization of Iran’s Ministry of Jihad-e-Agriculture. Her research areas include extension systems, career development, and achievement motivation. She has published articles in the areas of extension systems and achievement motivation among extension agents in local and international journals.Maimunah Ismail, PhD, is Professor of Extension Education at Universiti Putra Malaysia. Her research areas include career development, corporate social responsibility, and gender studies. She has authored/co-edited 11 academic books and numerous articles in local and international journals. She sits on the Editorial Advisory Board of several international journals.